Engineering is a broad discipline that can encompass a range of specialised fields and has existed for thousands of years - think of the construction of the pyramids of Egypt, or ancient cities and structures like the Parthenon in Greece.
According to peak industry body Engineers Australia, almost every good and service consumed or used in production in a modern society embodies some form of engineering.
An engineer brings innovation and design to the construction, operation and maintenance of structures, machines, materials, devices, systems, processes and organisations.
Generally speaking, engineers have the ability to turn ideas into realities that can have a positive effect on people's everyday lives.
New and innovative ideas may be the beginnings of technological advance, but it is engineers that translate those new ideas into practical and commercially valuable new products and services.
The analytical capacity and problem solving skills of engineers are prized within a wide range of industries beyond those normally associated with engineering.
Engineers contribute services to the Australian economy at all stages of the innovation supply chain:
- Undertaking research, designing and engineering prototypes into new commercial products and services.
- Manufacturing new and improving existing products.
- Developing and operating digital systems.
- Design, constructing, operating and improving infrastructure that provides a framework in which an innovative economy can thrive.
Engineers Australia is the industry authority in this country, setting standards for the education and practice of engineering, in line with international benchmarks.
It also manages the National Engineering Register (NER), the uniform national benchmark of professionalism in engineering practice.
Engineers Australia has pushed for the development of positive and influential medium- to long-term growth policies to allow the country to remain prosperous with high standards of living.
Its recommendations are based on policy priorities set by the Engineers Australia board and focus on creating a:
- Skilled workforce that is ready to meet contemporary and future challenges.
- Strong defence industry policy that leverages defence capability needs.
- Considered energy policy that can sustain long-term climate targets and energy security.
- Improved infrastructure that works efficiently and does not impede productivity.