Forest Fire Management Victoria will plant temporary fox baits across state forests to reduce attacks on wildlife and livestock.
The baits are in Maryborough, Sedgwick, Lockwood, Lyal and Kimbolton.
FFM Victoria forest and roading officer Joseph Rogasch said foxes are a threat to biodiversity and native animals.
"They also hinder threatened native species recovery and re-introduction programs," Mr Rogasch said.
"In addition to preying on lambs, poultry and goats, foxes carry disease and increase the spread of weeds in state forests."
FFM Victoria will use 1080 poison shelf-stable baits and bury theme in bait stations to reduce the risk of non-target species ingesting them.
"We ask nearby landholders to ensure their dogs and other pets are confined to their property during the baiting period," Mr Rogasch said.
The baits were buried on Wednesday and will be monitored for four weeks and removed on June 17.
"Signs have been placed at entrances to the areas that are part of the program so people using the forests are aware of the baiting program," Mr Rogasch said.
"Baiting is only one part of an integrated pest control program.
"It is complimented by annual winter fox drives during the winter months undertaken by the Sporting Shooters' Association of Australia."
Private landowners can find more information on how to control foxes on private land here.
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