Anthony Albanese has been accused of pretending to fight for the coal industry as he attacked "childish" coalition tactics.
The Labor leader engaged in a second consecutive day of trading insults with Resources Minister Matt Canavan over support for coal.
Mr Albanese dismissed calls from Senator Canavan for him to back Adani's Carmichael controversial Queensland mine.
"Matt Canavan's a boy. What I don't do is, when a boy makes a request, agree to him in a snap," Mr Albanese told reporters in Brisbane on Tuesday.
"This is childish from Matt Canavan."
Senator Canavan said Mr Albanese's support for coal exports was only motivated by Labor having its "backsides" smacked in Queensland at the federal election in May.
"Anthony Albanese has been exposed to be the Hulk Hogan of Australian politics here because he only pretends to fight," the minister told Sky News.
"He's only pretending to fight for the coal industry. He doesn't really fight for the coal industry."
Mr Albanese demanded the resources minister name his preferred location for a new government subsidised coal-fired power station.
Senator Canavan said the government was funding a feasibility study for a new coal station at Collinsville in north Queensland and looking at upgrading the Vales Point plant in NSW.
The Labor leader is spending the week in regional Queensland's resource rich areas.
Mr Albanese is keen to focus on advanced manufacturing, hydrogen, lithium, copper and solar as job-creating technologies to ensure high-value work for Queenslanders in the future.
"There is a transition in the world going on. We need to be cognisant of what that represents in terms of opportunities," he said.
Senator Canavan doesn't believe a transition away from coal mining is inevitable, with the potential for new technologies to emerge to lower emissions in the sector.
"I have a problem with the word transition, because that locks you in to say 'oh it's definitely going to go'," he said.
"How do you know what technologies will exist?"
Mr Albanese has thrown his support behind coal exports as Labor tries to claw back support after the May election drubbing.
"The truth is we can be a clean energy superpower for the world while at the same time we are providing coal exports that produce income for Australia," he said.
Mr Albanese visited Barcaldine in western Queensland - home of the Tree of Knowledge under which striking shearers met in 1891 to launch an historic campaign to improve working conditions and wages.
He'll spend the rest of the week visiting the Bowen Basin coal mining region, as well as Rockhampton, Gladstone, Bundaberg, Hervey Bay, Maryborough and Gympie.
Australian Associated Press