England vice-captain Ben Stokes' playing future has been plunged into further doubt after shocking footage emerged of the street brawl in which the cricketer allegedly throws 15 punches in one minute.
The video, obtained by The Sun newspaper in the UK, shows a man believed to be Stokes flooring another man with a punch despite a bystander, believed to be teammate Alex Hales, pleading with him to stop.
The minute-long clip starts with Stokes responding angrily to another man who had lashed out with a glass bottle at a member of the all-rounder's party.
Stokes is believed to have broken a finger in his right hand in the incident, though the England and Wales Cricket Board refused to comment on how his injury was sustained.
"I saw Stokes throw 15 punches in one minute. No wonder he broke a finger," a witness told The Sun.
A 27-year-old man was taken to hospital with facial injuries after the fight. Stokes was arrested and spent the night behind bars on suspicion of causing actual bodily harm.
The latest development places more pressure on the ECB to take strong action against the star cricketer, who has a history of alcohol-related indiscretions.
"We have seen this footage for the first time tonight. There is an ongoing police investigation, which will look at all available evidence, and we do have to respect that process," an ECB spokesman said.
Stokes was earlier retained as vice-captain in England's 16-man squad for the Ashes pending the outcome of an ECB probe, which is not expected to commence until after England's one-day international series against West Indies which finishes on Friday.
"I don't think right now is the time to comment on what might happen from a disciplinary point of view," England team director Andrew Strauss said.
"Right at the moment what I am doing is speaking to the players individually to get their account of what went on on Sunday night. There is a disciplinary protocol that is in place as part of their conditions of employment. We need to follow that for all players who may be subject to disciplinary proceedings, including Ben."
Former Victoria wicketkeeper Darren Berry said the video "brought back horrific memories". Berry was with former Australia Test batsman and Victoria coach David Hookes when he was killed by a king hit.
"Sadly just viewed the damning video footage of the Ben Stokes incident. It brought back horrific memories for me. Nothing good comes of this," Berry said on Twitter.
Should Stokes make it to Australia, he may have to leave the tour to attend court in England
England can ill afford to lose Stokes, who is one of few match-winners in the side and arguably its best player behind star batsman and captain Joe Root, but it will be hard for the board to keep him in the touring party.
The incident is a slap in the face of coach Trevor Bayliss, who has long believed in treating players as adults rather than imposing curfews on grown men.
"A few of the guys being out in the middle of a series was very unprofessional," Bayliss told Sky Sports.
"Ben is a leader within the group when it comes to cricket - there is no denying it.
"I'm sure there will be some investigations going forward but at the moment I'm quite happy for him to be vice-captain."
Bayliss, a former NSW and Sydney Sixers coach, indicated England would "be looking into" the merits of a curfew in response to the incident.
"I've been with teams before when we've had curfews and that doesn't work," Bayliss said.
"Whichever way you go about it, a lot of the responsibility comes back onto the players - they're adults."
Former England captain Michael Vaughan defended Stokes in two now-deleted tweets.
"Seen the video. It's not good. But I would like to know why the kid swings a bottle at the start !?" Vaughan said.
"The video is awful viewing. [Stokes] shouldn't be in that position. But was he reacting & protecting 2 people from a random attack!"
The Stokes controversy overshadowed the naming of England's Ashes squad, which is given little hope of retaining the urn.
Australian opener David Warner was suspended for a "glancing blow" on Root during the 2013 Champions Trophy. Cricket Australia suspended fined him $11,500 and suspended him for the rest of the tournament and the lead up to the Ashes. He was sent to Zimbabwe to regain form and missed the first two Tests of that series.